Jana Gana Mana
National anthem of the India is a song sung by the people of India on some national occasions. National anthem of India starts from “Jana Gana Mana” and ends at “Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya jaya he”. It was written in the highly Sanskritised language (mens Tatsama) Bengali.
The original national anthem song was written by the Rabindranath Tagore which was then translated into the Hindi and Urdu by the Abid Ali. The conversion of original song into the Hindi version by the Ali was little different. The full version of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds to sung however shortened version (having first and last lines) takes 20 seconds to sung. It was again translated to the English version by the Tagore. The full version National Anthem song is sung using the orchestral/choral adaptation (made by English composer, Herbert Murrill on request of Nehru). Another song (Amar Sonar Bangla) written by the Tagore has been selected as the national anthem of Bangladesh.
History of National Anthem of India
National anthem (Jana-gana-mana song) was originally composed by the Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. The Hindi version of the national anthem was adopted in 1950 on 24th of January by the Constituent Assembly. The lyrics and music of the national anthem was given by the Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. It was first sung in Calcutta in the meeting of Indian National Congress on 27th of December in 1911.
Full version national anthem was translated to English from Bengali and music was set in Madanapalle (it is city in Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh state).
Lyrics of National Anthem of India
The text of the national anthem written in Bengali which is highly sanskritised language (also called as Sadhu bhasa). It is written completely using nouns which also used as verbs. The translated version is easily understandable by everyone however its pronunciation varies in various regions of India. It is sung on various national occasions in India. The words and music to the national anthem is given by the late poet Rabindra Nath Tagore. Full version National Anthem takes 52 seconds to sing. The full version national anthem song consists of five stanzas.
Full Version National Anthem of India
“Janaganamana-adhinayaka jaya he bharatabhagyabidhata!
Panjaba sindhu gujarata maratha drabira utkala banga
bindhya himacala yamuna ganga ucchalajaladhitaraṅga
taba subha name jage, taba subha asisa mage,
gahe taba jayagatha.
Janaganamangaladayaka jaya he bharatabhagyabidhata!
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, jaya jaya jaya jaya he…”
Short Version National Anthem of India
Short version of the national anthem consists of only first and last lines. It takes approximately 20 seconds to sing. It is sung on various national occasions.
“Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
jaya jaya jaya, jaya he.”
Meaning of National Anthem of India
The original version of the national anthem was translated to the English language and edited in 1950 to make some changes. Sindh was replaced by the Sindhu because Sindh was allocated to the Pakistan after division. The English meaning of the national anthem is as follows:
“Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.”
What is Code of Conduct of National Anthem
The code of conduct is the set of rules and regulations which should be followed while singing or playing the national anthem. There are some instructions which issued from time to time by the government of India regarding the correct version of Anthem. The set timing of the national anthem to be sung is 52 seconds. Some of the rules and regulations have been made in order to pay respect and honour to the national anthem. A law (The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971) has been implemented by the Indian government to prevent the intentional singing of National Anthem or insulting in any way shall be punished with the imprisonment of term (may be extended to three years) including fine. Following are the rules and regulation which shall be followed while playing full version Anthem:
- It can be sung, when National Salute, parade, etc is performed at some ceremonial occasions and formal State functions (organized by the government or public) in the presence of President, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, etc.
- It can be sung before and after President’s addresses to the Nation and arrival of Governor or Lieutenant.
- When presentation of regimental colours and hoisting of colours in Navy takes place.
- When special orders issued by Indian Government on any occasion. Generally it is not played for Prime Minister however at some special occasions it may be played.
- When it is played by band, it should be preceded by roll of drums or when played to perform National Salute by a Guard the drum roll duration must be 7 paces in slow march. First drum roll should be started slowly and go as loud as possible and again decrease to normal.
- When National Flag hoisting takes place on any cultural occasions.
- It can be sung in the schools in the morning before starting the day’s work by the students but proper manners should be maintained by the school authorities.
- All the audience must stand up and give attention while national anthem is sung or played.
Why theatres stopped playing the National Anthem in 1975
Earlier to the 1975, there was custom to play the national anthem song in the theatres after film. However, it was banned later because of the disrespect of national anthem by the people as they were not stand up and gave proper attention. After year, again it has been encouraged to play National Anthem in the government theatres of Kerala before movie screening.
National Song of India
|Official name||UN World Environment Day|
|Also called||Eco Day, Environment Day, WED|
|Significance||Environmental issues awareness|
|First time||5 June 1974; 43 years ago (5 June 1974)|
World Environment Day (WED) occurs on 5 June every year, and is the United Nations' principal vehicle for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. First held in 1974, it has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on emerging environmental issues from marine pollution, human overpopulation, and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime. WED has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually. Each year, WED has a new theme that major corporations, NGOs, communities, governments and celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.
World Environment Day [WED] was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme "Only One Earth". Even though WED celebration have been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the center of these activities through selecting different host countries began.
Annual themes and major initiatives and accomplishments
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2016)
For almost five decades, World Environment Day has been raising awareness, supporting action, and driving change. Here is a timeline of key accomplishments in WEDs’ history:
The theme for this year is 'Beat Plastic Pollution'.The host nation is India.
The theme for 2017 is 'Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator'. The host nation is Canada.
The 2016 WED was organized under the theme "Go wild for life". This edition of the WED aims to reduce and prevent the illegal trade in wildlife.Angola was chosen as the host country of the 2016 WED during the COP21 in Paris.
The Slogan of the 2015 edition of the World Environment Day is "Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care". The slogan was picked through a voting process on social media. In Saudi Arabia, 15 women recycled 2000 plastic bags to crochet a mural in support of the WED 2015. In India, Narendra Modi planted a Kadamb sapling to celebrate the World Environment Day and raise awareness for Environment. Italy is the host country of the 43rd edition of the WED. The celebrations took place as part of Milan Expo around the theme: Feeding the Planet - Energy for Life.
The Theme of the 2014 WED is : International Year of Small Islands Developing States (SIDS). By choosing this Theme the UN General Assembly aimed to highlight the development Challenges and successes of the SIDS. In 2014, the World Environment Day focused on global warming and its impact on ocean levels. The Slogan of the WED 2014 is "Raise your voice not the sea level", as Barbados hosted the global celebrations of the 42nd edition of the World Environment Day. The UN Environement Programme named actor Ian Somerhalder as the official Goodwill ambassador of the WED 2014.
The 2013 theme for World Environment Day was Think.Eat.Save.
The campaign addressed the huge annual wastage and losses in food, which, if conserved, would release a large quantity of food as well as reduce the overall carbon footprint. The campaign aimed to bring about awareness in countries with lifestyles resulting in food wastage. It also aimed to empower people to make informed choices about the food they eat so as to reduce the overall ecological impact due to the worldwide production of food..The host country for the year's celebrations was Mongolia.
The theme for the 2012 World Environment Day was Green Economy: Does it include you?
The theme aimed to invite people to examine their activities and lifestyle and see how the concept of a "Green Economy" fits into it. The host country for the year's celebrations was Brazil.
The theme for 2011 was Forests-Nature At Your Service. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more. This year's global host, India, is a country of wide biodiversity.
'Many Species. One Planet. One Future', was the theme of 2010.
It celebrated the diversity of life on Earth as part of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity. It was hosted in Rwanda. Thousands of activities were organized worldwide, with beach clean-ups, concerts, exhibits, film festivals, community events and much more. Each continent (except Antarctica) had a "regional host city", the U.N. chose Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as the host for all North.
The theme for WED 2009 was 'Your Planet Needs You – UNite to Combat Climate Change', and Michael Jackson's 'Earth Song' was declared 'World Environment Day Song'. It was hosted in Mexico.
The host for World Environment Day 2008 was New Zealand, with the main international celebrations scheduled for Wellington. The slogan for 2008 was "CO2, Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy." New Zealand was one of the first countries to pledge to achieve carbon neutrality, and will also focus on forest management as a tool for reducing greenhouse gases.
The Chicago Botanic Garden served as the North American host for World Environment Day on 5 June 2008.
The topic for World Environment Day for 2007 was "Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?" During International Polar Year, WED 2007 focused on the effects that climate change is having on polar ecosystems and communities, on other ice- and snow-covered areas of the world, and the resulting global impacts.
The main international celebrations of the WED 2007 were held in the city of Tromsø, Norway, a city north of the Arctic Circle.
The topic for WED 2006 was Deserts and Desertification and the slogan was "Don't desert drylands".
The slogan emphasised the importance of protecting drylands. The main international celebrations of the World Environment Day 2006 were held in Algeria.
The theme for the 2005 World Environment Day was "Green Cities" and the slogan was "Plan for the Planet!".
World Environment Day celebrations have been (and will be) hosted in the following cities:
|1974||Only one Earth during Expo '74||Spokane, United States|
|1975||Human Settlements||Dhaka, Bangladesh|
|1976||Water: Vital Resource for Life||Ontario, Canada|
|1977||Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1978||Development Without Destruction||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1979||Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1980||A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1981||Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1982||Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns)||Dhaka, Bangladesh|
|1983||Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy||Sylhet, Bangladesh|
|1985||Youth: Population and the Environment||Islamabad, Pakistan|
|1986||A Tree for Peace||Ontario, Canada|
|1987||Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof||Nairobi, Kenya|
|1988||When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last||Bangkok, Thailand|
|1989||Global Warming; Global Warning||Brussels, Belgium|
|1990||Children and the Environment||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1991||Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership||Stockholm, Sweden|
|1992||Only One Earth, Care and Share||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|1993||Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle||Beijing, People's Republic of China|
|1994||One Earth One Family||London, United Kingdom|
|1995||We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment||Pretoria, South Africa|
|1996||Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home||Istanbul, Turkey|
|1997||For Life on Earth||Seoul, Republic of Korea|
|1998||For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas||Moscow, Russian Federation|
|1999||Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It!||Tokyo, Japan|
|2000||The Environment Millennium – Time to Act||Adelaide, Australia|
|2001||Connect with the World Wide Web of Life||Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba|
|2002||Give Earth a Chance||Shenzhen, People's Republic of China|
|2003||Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It!||Beirut, Lebanon|
|2004||Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive?||Barcelona, Spain|
|2005||Green Cities – Plan for the Planet!||San Francisco, United States|
|2006||Deserts and Desertification – Don't Desert Drylands!||Algiers, Algeria|
|2007||Melting Ice – a Hot Topic?||London, England|
|2008||Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy||Wellington, New Zealand|
|2009||Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change||Mexico City, Mexico|
|2010||Many Species. One Planet. One Future||Rangpur, Bangladesh|
|2011||Forests: Nature at your Service||New Delhi, India|
|2012||Green Economy: Does it include you?||Brasilia, Brazil|
|2013||Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your Foodprint||Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia|
|2014||Raise your voice, not the sea level||Bridgetown, Barbados|
|2015||Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care.||Rome, Italy|
|2016||Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade||Luanda, Angola|
|2017||Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator||Ottawa, Canada|
|2018||Beat Plastic Pollution||New Delhi, India|
World Environment Day Anthem
An Earth Anthem penned by poet Abhay K is sung to celebrate World Environment Day.
Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the continents and the oceans of the world united we stand as flora and fauna united we stand as species of one earth black, brown, white, different colours . we are humans, the earth is our home.
Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the people and the nations of the world all for one and one for all united we unfurl the blue marble flag black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.
It was launched in June 2013 on the occasion of the World Environment Day by Kapil Sibal and Shashi Tharoor, then Union Ministers of India, at a function organized by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations in New Delhi. It is supported by the global organization Habitat For Humanity.
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- ^2017 Host country named as Canada, UNEP, 31 Jan 2017
- ^Hub, IISD's SDG Knowledge. "Event: World Environment Day 2016 | SDG Knowledge Hub | IISD". Retrieved 2017-12-19.
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- ^"Vote for your World Environment Day 2015 slogan | capacity4dev.eu". europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
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- ^"PM plants "Kadamb" sapling on World Environment Day". www.narendramodi.in. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^"Why PM Modi planted 'Kadamb' sapling on World Environment Day?". Microfinance Monitor. 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^"Italy hosts the official World Environment Day celebrations at Expo Milano". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^"World Environment Day 2014 | Department of Environmental Affairs". www.environment.gov.za. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^Reporter, Staff (2014-06-05). "World Environment Day 2014: Theme, History, Host Country and Observances". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^"World Environment Day 2014". www.icimod.org. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^"Ian Somerhalder named Goodwill Ambassador for World Environment Day 2014". TreeHugger. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
- ^ ab""Think.Eat.Save" World Environment Day 5 June". World Environment Day. United Nations Environment Programme. 5 June 2013. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- ^ abTimes News Network (31 May 2012). "World Environment Day 2012: Let's pledge to make earth a better place". Times of India : Environment. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- ^World Environment Day – Raise Your Voice, Not the Sea Level
- ^World Environment Day 2010
- ^The New Emerald City – Pittsburgh Magazine – April 2010 – Pittsburgh, PA
- ^"WED That Was – 2009". Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- ^UNEP Press Release, 1 October 2007, "Kick the Habit – World Environment Day 2008 to be Hosted by New Zealand with Focus on Fostering Low-Carbon Economies", accessed 10 November 2007
- ^world environment day 2008 host countries
- ^Norwegian Polar Institute, World Environment Day 2007–information in Englishand NorwegianArchived 1 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- ^World Environment Day 2005 Official Site, 2005, "About World Environment Day 2005", accessed 28 May 2009
- ^World Environment Day 5 June 2008 – UNEP, accessed 6 June 2008
- ^World Environment Day The Nation, Sri Lanka, 30 May 2015
- ^K, Abhay (27 April 2014). "Earth Anthem". Earth Anthem Website.
- ^"Indian diplomat pens anthem for earth". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- ^Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, 30 Aug 2014