Tips on SummarizingIn academic writing, there are a few things to keep in mind when summarizing outside sources:
- Use your own words
- Include the key relevant elements of the original and keep it brief - you're just going for the original's essence
- Do not include your interpretation/analysis within the summary - make a clear distinction between your thoughts and someone else's
- Vary how you introduce or attribute your sources, like "according to..." or "so-and-so concludes that..." so your readers don't get bored
- Always include a citation
Despite decades of research into the sociocultural model of eating disorders, we still do not understand how such sociocultural influences produce disordered eating in any given individual (or why a similar person in the same cultural milieu does not become disordered). Clearly, though, one source of vulnerability lies in a woman's body image. To the extent that a woman's self-image is challenged or threatened by an unattainable ideal of an impossibly thin female physique, she may well become susceptible to disruption of her self-regard, and may be more likely to develop an eating disorder. In short, the sociocultural model argues that exposure to idealized media images (a) makes women feel bad about themselves and (b) impels women to undertake the sort of "remedial" eating patterns that easily and often deteriorate into eating disorders.
Summary in Paper (APA)
Polivy and Herman (2004) noted that we still do not know how or why sociocultural influences like the media contribute to some individuals developing eating disorders while others do not. In some cases, the ubiquitous message of thinness and ideal beauty broadcast by the media can challenge a woman's self-image, disrupting her sense of self-esteem. However, not all women are influenced by the same media messages in the same way. The sociocultural model explores the ways women internalize the media's ideal of unattainable thinness and beauty, and how that internalization in turn can result in disordered eating and a distorted sense of body image (pp. 1-2).
This complete citation appears in Mizuki's reference list:
Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2004). Sociocultural idealization of thin female body shapes: An introduction to the special issue on body image and eating disorders. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 23, 1-6. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.460
A research summary is a professional piece of writing that describes your research to some prospective audience. Main priority of a research summary is to provide the reader with a brief overview of the whole study. To write a quality summary, it is vital to identify the important information in a study, and condense it for the reader. Having a clear knowledge of your topic or subject matter enables you to easily comprehend the contents of your research summary.
We bring to you a perfect research summary writing service. The goal of our company is to offer you a high quality research summary that will suit all your needs and expectations. If you want to want research summary help, our professional writers are ready to help you develop your research summary. If you want to buy a research summary, then we are here to offer you a paper that will only attract good grades. We do understand all the technicalities in developing research summary and have invested a lot into experts who will offer you a perfect mix.
The guidelines used in developing a research summary include:
Developing the first draftThe first step when you start writing a research summary is to write the first draft of the summary. The draft should follow the order of the original research. You should adjust the length of the draft as per the content on the respective research article. Some ingredients of the first draft include:
Stating the research question and providing the reasons why it is interesting
Stating the hypothesis that should be tested
Briefly describing the methods. The participants, design, procedure, materials, independent variable (what was manipulated), depended variables (what was measured), and analysis of data should be included here.
The results and the significance should be described
The key implications of the results should be explained. The results together with its interpretation should link directly to the set hypothesis.
Your research summary should have enough words for the reader to understand your results. For example:
The summary above shows both the results and information regarding the variables that were examined together with the outcome of interest. It is vital for you to introduce the study in a manner that will make the summary sensible in the original context.
After writing your draft, you should edit your work to check for accuracy and completeness. You should add information to the summary where necessary. More commonly, if the article is understandable you should do away with redundancy or the information that appears being less important.
Do not lose your concentration on your research question, avoid generalities and be concise.
The styleYou should write your summary to an interested audience like your classmates. The summary should be interesting to the audience. The audience should not struggle to understand your summary. Your main discussion points should be added to your summary.
Eliminate wordinessAll the verbs used in the summary should be clear and concise.
For example “From the results it is clearly evident that there was no observed change in data” can be shortened to “The results show no significant change of data.
Using specific, concrete languagePrecise language should be used in the summary. Specific examples can also be used in citing and supporting assertions. You should avoid vague references.
Using scientifically accurate languageYou are expected to support or fail to support a study, and one study may not be used to prove a hypothesis.
Use paraphrasing rather than direct quotesIn any scientific writing, direct quotes are seldom used. You are expected to paraphrase your work. You are expected to offer credit for all the information that is paraphrased.
Re-readRead through whatever you have written. Ask your classmate to read through too so as to identify some errors that you missed.