Interpersonal And Intrapersonal Communication Essay

As the term, ‘intra’ means ‘within’, so the communication that takes place within a person is called intrapersonal communication. On the other hand, the term ‘inter’ means ‘between’, so when the communication occurs between two or more persons, it is said to be interpersonal communication.

We, humans, are social animals, and we always need someone to talk or share our opinions, news, and even feelings. Communication is a substantial part of our life, whether we say something or not, it automatically conveys a message to the persons surrounding us, because it is inescapable. It can be intrapersonal communication or interpersonal communication. The major difference between intrapersonal and interpersonal communication is that the former is invisible, as it goes in our mind, the latter is visible as it takes place between several parties.

Content: Intrapersonal Communication Vs Interpersonal Communication

  1. Comparison Chart
  2. Definition
  3. Key Differences
  4. Conclusion

Comparison Chart

Basis for ComparisonIntrapersonal CommunicationInterpersonal Communication
MeaningIntrapersonal Communication is one, that we have with ourselves, i.e. the communication that occurs in our mind.Interpersonal Communication is the communication between two or more person, through verbal or non-verbal messages.
Persons InvolvedOneAt least two
OccurenceContinuous due to human nature.Regular, due to social needs.
MediaOnly a person's internal senses are involved.Supported by a verbal and non-verbal media.
Concerned withThinking and AnalysisExchanging and sharing of ideas or information

Definition of Intrapersonal Communication

The communication with oneself is intrapersonal communication. It involves thinking, analysing, interpreting, assessing, contemplating, feeling, etc. It is to reflect the individual self, with a view to clarifying something.

It is an activity that takes place in our mind; wherein a person is involved in a conversation with himself/herself, commonly known as ‘self-talk’ or ‘inner speech’. The activity can be a monologue or internal dialogue, i.e. when you imagine a conversation, in your mind with the absent other. So, it is quite obvious that the sender and receiver are the same person.

Internal discourse, Solo-vocal communication and Solo written communication are the three levels of intrapersonal communication. The three aspects that govern the intrapersonal communication are:

  • Self-Concept: Self-concept ascertains the way an individual takes himself/herself, oriented towards others. The three factors in self-concept are:
  • Perception: It is what the mind receives and grasp from the outside world.
  • Expectation: An individual’s future-oriented projection, that something might happen.

Definition of Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal Communication is the one to one communication between two or more persons, wherein exchange of ideas, information or messages takes place through a channel. It can be a face to face communication between parties, communication over mail, telephone and the like.

In Interpersonal Communication, the way something is said is as important as what is being said. So, here, the tone of voice, body language, gestures, facial expressions, have a great impact on the recipient. The features of interpersonal communication are as under:

  • Inescapable: Whenever we try not to say anything to anyone at all, it says something about our mood, attitude or nature, i.e. not by words but through the non-verbal signals.
  • Irreversible or Unrepeatable: Once something is being said, it cannot be taken back, so neither it is reversible nor repeatable.
  • Complex: Due to some variables involved in communication, it is a complex process. The words used in the process of communication may not have the same meaning for both sender and receiver, and this complicates the process.
  • Contextual: Context plays a significant role in the communication process, as in there is psychological, environmental, situational and relational context.

Key Differences Between Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication

The difference between intrapersonal and interpersonal communication, can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:

  1. The communication that we have with ourselves, i.e. the communication that occurs in our mind, is known as intrapersonal communication. The communication between two or more person, through verbal or non-verbal messages, is called interpersonal communication.
  2. The intrapersonal communication is the communication with oneself, and so only one person is involved in it. On the contrary, interpersonal communication is always between two or more persons.
  3. Intrapersonal communication occurs continuously because it is the human tendency to think, analyse and interpret things. Conversely, Interpersonal Communication occurs regularly on a personal and professional level.
  4. In intrapersonal communication, only an individual’s internal senses are involved. As against this, interpersonal communication requires media, i.e. to pass on the message to the other party.
  5. In intrapersonal communication, is based on the thinking and analysis while interpersonal communication is concerned with the exchange of ideas, information, opinions, feelings and so on.


Intrapersonal communication is the base of interpersonal communication because it is our experience on which our perception relies and our perception influences our interaction with the other persons. In intrapersonal communication the information is always kept in a person’s mind, however, in an interpersonal communication, the information flows from one person to another.

Filed Under: Business

Dr. Kelly PenzUniversity of Saskatchewan- College of Nursing In the Article Warrior caregivers: Understanding the challenges and healing of First Nations men, Mussell describes the Medicine wheel as a conceptual framework to guide an individual to understand the four significant aspects of self which includes: physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual aspects of self (Mussell, 2005). In this paper I have utilized the four aspects of self as an integrated approach to display who I am. In terms of the physical aspect of myself, the biggest challenge that I have faced was moving out from home. I used to live with my family in Saskatoon and moved to Regina alone a few weeks ago to pursue my education in Nursing. Along with my education, one of the main reasons to move out was so I could gain some independence. Moving to Regina from Saskatoon has been very difficult for me, as I have been facing many challenges. In terms of living alone now and physically away from my family, it has been hard for me to keep up with a healthy nutritional diet because I have to cook on my own now and I am not experienced in cooking. It has also been hard to keep up with daily exercise due to time management because I am either trying to catch up with schoolwork or working a part time job to cover my expenses such as rent, groceries and much more.

While living at home I was the complete opposite of what I am now, I used to eat very healthy and exercise regularly because I didn’t have to worry about working a part time job and neither did I have to make any meals since my mom would always cook. Going from a very dependent individual to an independent individual has taught me many responsibilities and priorities in life and accepting this challenge I believe will help me establish my own identity. Emotionally, I have strong relationships with my family, friends and loved ones. The most important relationship I have with is my family, especially my mom who has raised my sister and I as a single mother. My family has taught me most of my values, disciplines and beliefs. My friends I believe are the ones who understand me the most no matter what the situation is. I am able to share absolutely anything with them, especially my best friend, and receive great advice. The most intimate relationship I share with is my boyfriend Dhiren who I have been dating for two years now and being with him makes me feel very loved and a sense of belonging. We share a very understanding trusting relationship where we set limits and boundaries to when it comes to being committed to each other.

The several different relationships I have with different people shapes the way I interact with people now because I feel the more I am able to let everything out of me and share it with others, I am able to build on myself in terms of becoming less shy and getting out of my comfort zone to talk to others. Intellectually, I am always eager to learn and take upon new challenges. I am a type of person who learns very quickly and have always taken great interest in my education. Most of the knowledge I encompass has been taught to me by experience or directly through schooling. My work experiences has allowed me to teach others about my knowledge, for example I used to work in a Math learning center where I helped and guide children from grade school to high school with any math questions. Currently I work in a cellphone store and my work allows me to provide knowledge on the latest technology within the several different kinds of phones and educate customers. I believe that the more knowledge I inherit, it shapes my critical thinking abilities and displays my understanding of everything around me. Spiritually, I am a Muslim and I strongly believe in the faiths and beliefs of the Muslim religion.

In the article, Mussell describes the spiritual of self from the Medicine wheel as valuing the creation of Great Spirit which I agree to (Mussell,2005). I believe that God is the creation of everything and I value how much we should worship its creation such as respecting the environment because I think God is always watching over our good and bad deeds. I believe that if one has committed a bad deed then they should be punished for it and people who have done good deeds will be rewarded. My spiritual beliefs in my religion come from the teachings from my family and what their past generations had valued which has shaped me in thinking about religion how I do today. In conclusion, the physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual aspects of self very much structures how one would represent their self identity, how others perceive them and the ideal self image. From my perspective, all four aspects in the Medicine wheel integrate together to create a framework to reflect on how the person I have become, in terms of how I think, the reasoning behind my logic and how my past experiences has shaped me to the person I am today.


Mussell, W.J Bill . “WARRIOR-CAREGIVERS: Understanding the Challenges and Healing of First Nations Men.” Aboriginal Healing Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. <>.

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